Enzymes are protein molecules, which carry a vital energy factor needed for every chemical reaction and reactions that occur in any living organism. The enzymes are essential to digest what we eat, to gain the energy that keeps our body alive.
Enzymes perform as biocatalysts for various of chemical reactions. One of the main characteristics of enzymes is their high specificity. Compared to chemical catalysts, enzymes catalyze only certain reactions. This favors enzymes as the preferred catalyst in various industries like pharma, food and others.
Enzymes accelerate reactions. In the presence of a substrate, the substrate enters the active site of the enzyme by formation of an enzyme-substrate complex followed by the release of the product.